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Andras Bozoki, Daniel Hegedus: The Rise of Authoritarianism in the European Union: A Hybrid Regime in Hungary

“The issue of democracy and dictatorship is not an ‘either-or’ problem; rather it is one that can be best described along a continuum,” our Research Affiliate Andras Bozoki and his co-author Daniel Hegedus write in their chapter in the volume The Condition of Democracy – Volume 2: Contesting Citizenship, edited by Jürgen Mackert, Hannah Wolf and Bryan S. Turner.

The study focuses on “the widening grey zone between liberal democracy and dictatorship, and applies the findings of the scholarship on hybrid regimes to the characteristics of the Orban regime in Hungary.”

The authors argue that the regime can only be described with “one of the concepts of degraded democracy” in the first two years after the new constitution had been adopted and had come into force (2011 and 2012, respectively), adding that “since the unilateral modifications of the constitution in 2013 confronting the Constitutional Court’s former judgements and interpretation competence, or the 2014 unfair elections at the latest, the Hungarian political system belongs to the category of non-democratic regimes.”

“The competitive authoritarian Orban regime belongs to a class of its own in the grey zone,” they write.

Learn more about the book here

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