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Lucian Ciolan, Simona Iftimescu and Mihaela Stingu: The Institutional Conditions of Adapting to Future Challenges in the Romanian Education System

The next study of our Future Challenges to Education Systems in Central Eastern European Context project, written by University of Bucharest researchers Lucian Ciolan, Simona Iftimescu and Mihaela Stingu is available now.

The project focuses on the ability of the Central-Eastern European education systems to adapt to disruptive future challenges, such as technological changes and their impact on labor markets, demographic changes (ageing, migration, etc.), climate change, populist politics and autocratic governance, old and new inequalities, or changing gender roles.

The paper comprises a country study on Romania and offers an overview of the main factors influencing the Romanian educational system in the context of current and future challenges. Drawing from a systemic perspective, the paper tackles the topic of governance in an attempt to identify the missing links in the system, it analyzes current challenges, such as school system preparedness in relation to digitalization, demography, political and socio-economic factors, as well as learning pathways, including learning cultures and outcomes, and students’ and youth’s attitudes.

Mirroring the systemic perspective, the second part of the paper approaches a school-level analysis, focusing on adaptation mechanisms, making reference to school autonomy, quality management and evaluation. Finally, the paper aims to shape a general image of the distribution of roles and inter-connections influencing resources and quality assurance in the Romanian educational system.

The paper also advocates for a more strategic and future-oriented approach from both central and school governance, in a wider policy framework, taking into account both the national and international contexts.

Download the study here.

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