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Rule of Law

Attacks on rule of law have long been integral to democratic decay. However, today’s authoritarians often instrumentalize law and democratic norms. Most research in this field focuses on the law or politics. The Institute, by contrast, will bring together lawyers, political scientists, sociologists and political economists to explore the how the erosion of rule of law shapes national developmental models and the extent to which it varies across economic sectors or through the influence of domestic or external actors.


Dimitry Vladimirovich Kochenov

Lead Researcher / Senior Research Fellow / CEU Professor

Angelina Atanasova

Junior Research Affiliate / Re:constitution Fellow

Petra Bárd

CEU Research Affiliate

Elena Basheska

Post-doctoral Research Fellow

Violeta Beširević

CEU Research Affiliate

Barbara Grabowska-Moroz

Post-doctoral Research Fellow

Joelle Grogan Research Fellow

Martin Krygier

Senior Research Fellow

András László Pap CEU Research Affiliate

Laurent Pech

Senior Research Fellow

András Sajó

Senior Research Fellow / CEU Professor

Renáta Uitz

CEU Research Affiliate / CEU Professor


Research projects

Reconciling Europe with its Citizens through Democracy and Rule of Law (RECONNECT)

Researchers: Petra Bard, Dimitry Vladimirovich Kochenov, Andras Sajo

RECONNECT is a four-year multidisciplinary research project on ‘Reconciling Europe with its Citizens through Democracy and the Rule of Law’, aimed at understanding and providing solutions to the recent challenges faced by the European Union (EU). With an explicit focus on strengthening the EU’s legitimacy through democracy and the rule of law, RECONNECT seeks to build a new narrative for Europe, enabling the EU to become more attuned to the expectations of its citizens. RECONNECT brings together 18 academic partner institutions from 14 countries.

Dimitry Kochenov, Barbara Grabowska-Moroz: The EU’s Face in Lukasenka’s Mirror

“What we see is a rampant breach of the law,” Dimitry Kochenov and Barbara Grabowska-Moroz write in their post in Verfassungsblog about the inhuman treatment of Afghan hostages at the Polish-Belarusian border and the promise of EU values.

Ruling by Cheating – New Book by Andras Sajo

We are happy to announce that Cambridge University Press has published the new book of our Senior Research Fellow, Andras Sajo, entitled Ruling by Cheating – Governance in Illiberal Democracy.

Oskar Gstrein, Dimitry Kochenov: Blockchain and Citizenship: Uneasy Bedfellows

In their chapter in the recently published volume Blockchain and Public Law, Oskar Gstrein (Groningen University) and Dimitry Kochenov, lead researcher of our Rule of Law Workgroup doubt that blockchain is a panacea in the world of inequalities and injustices established and amplified by the concept of citizenship.

Petra Bard on the EU’s Rule of Law Report

“The Rule of Law report draws a very devastating picture about Poland and Hungary,” our Research Affiliate Petra Bard said in a live interview with Al Jazeera.

Dimitry Kochenov, Jacquelyn Veraldi: The Commission Against the Internal Market and European Union Citizens’ Rights: Trying To Shoot Down Sputnik With the “Digital Green Certificate”?

The Digital Green Certificate proposed by the European Commission has the “potential to facilitate greater free movement restrictions for a large number of EU citizens,” Dimitry Kochenov and Jacquelyn Veraldi write in their article in European Journal of Risk Regulation, published online by Cambridge University Press.

Barbara Grabowska-Moroz, Dimitry Kochenov: The Loss of Face for Everyone Concerned: EU Rule of Law in the Context of the ‘Migration Crisis’

"No winners emerge out of a consideration of the two key EU crises side-by-side: the ‘migration crisis’ (…) and the ‘rule of law crisis’,” Barbara Grabowska-Moroz and Dimitry Kochenov write in their latest article.

EU Rule of Law Case-Law: Crucial Recent Developments

Co-organized with re:constitution and RECONNECT, the first public event of CEU Democracy Institute’s Rule of Law Working Group allowed key DI experts engaged with the case-law to outline the bigger picture, while focusing on crucial details. 

Laurent Pech, Dimitry Kochenov: Respect for the Rule of Law in the Case Law of the European Court of Justice

The “rule of law-enhancing process of re-articulation of EU constitutionalism is ongoing and represents the Court of Justice’s incrementalist response to the process of rule of law backsliding which first emerged in Hungary before spreading to Poland,” Laurent Pech and Dimitry Kochenov write in their forthcoming SIEPS report.

Dimitry Kochenov on Danish Immigration and Naturalization Rules

Dimitry Kochenov, Lead Researcher of our Rule of Law working group gave an interview on Danish citizenship rules to the program Good Morning Europe on Euronews.

Petra Bard: A Nation (Un)Dignified

“The recent jurisprudence of Hungarian apex courts (...) set a dangerous precedent that could be broadly applied against critics of the government, aka the EU’s first electoral autocracy,” our Research Affiliate, Petra Bard writes in her post on Verfassungsblog.